die Abalone Pl.: die Abalonen. rufescens), welches an der Westküste der Vereinigten Staaten vorkommt. Schwarzlippen-Abalone (Haliotis rubra) in einem Korallenriff vor Tasmanien, der. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "abalone" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Deutsch-Englisch-WörterbuchÜbersetzung für 'abalone' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. die Ohrschnecke Pl.: die Ohrschnecken. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für abalone im PONS Online-Wörterbuch the shiny, shimmering innermost layer of the shell, a pearl or abalone shell.
Abalone Deutsch "abalone" in German VideoSpielanleitung Abalone - das Trendspiel besser als Xbox und Playstation!?
The shell of the majority of species has a small, flat spire and two to three whorls. The last whorl, known as the body whorl , is auriform , meaning that the shell resembles an ear, giving rise to the common name "ear shell".
Haliotis asinina has a somewhat different shape, as it is more elongated and distended. The shell of Haliotis cracherodii cracherodii is also unusual as it has an ovate form, is imperforate , shows an exserted spire, and has prickly ribs.
A mantle cleft in the shell impresses a groove in the shell, in which are the row of holes characteristic of the genus.
These holes are respiratory apertures for venting water from the gills and for releasing sperm and eggs into the water column. They make up what is known as the selenizone , which forms as the shell grows.
This series of eight to 38 holes is near the anterior margin. Only a small number is generally open. The older holes are gradually sealed up as the shell grows and new holes form.
Each species has a typical number of open holes, between four and 10, in the selenizone. An abalone has no operculum.
The aperture of the shell is very wide and nacreous. The exterior of the shell is striated and dull. The color of the shell is very variable from species to species, which may reflect the animal's diet.
The animal has fimbriated head lobes and side lobes that are fimbriated and cirrated. The radula has small median teeth, and the lateral teeth are single and beam-like.
They have about 70 uncini , with denticulated hooks, the first four very large. The rounded foot is very large in comparison to most molluscs.
The soft body is coiled around the columellar muscle , and its insertion, instead of being on the columella, is on the middle of the inner wall of the shell.
The gills are symmetrical and both well developed. These snails cling solidly with their broad, muscular foot to rocky surfaces at sublittoral depths, although some species such as Haliotis cracherodii used to be common in the intertidal zone.
Abalones reach maturity at a relatively small size. Their fecundity is high and increases with their size, laying from 10, to 11 million eggs at a time.
The spermatozoa are filiform and pointed at one end, and the anterior end is a rounded head. The adults provide no further assistance to the larvae and they are described as lecithotrophic.
The adults are herbivorous and feed with their rhipidoglossan radula on macroalgae , preferring red or brown algae. The haliotid family has a worldwide distribution, along the coastal waters of every continent, except the Pacific coast of South America, the Atlantic coast of North America , the Arctic , and Antarctica.
The shell of the abalone is exceptionally strong and is made of microscopic calcium carbonate tiles stacked like bricks.
Between the layers of tiles is a clingy protein substance. When the abalone shell is struck, the tiles slide instead of shattering and the protein stretches to absorb the energy of the blow.
Material scientists around the world are studying this tiled structure for insight into stronger ceramic products such as body armor. Abalones are subject to various diseases.
Abalone are also severe hemophiliacs as their fluids will not clot in the case of a laceration or puncture wound.
Members of the Spionidae of the polychaetes are known as pests of abalone. The meat foot muscle of abalone is used for food, and the shells of abalone are used as decorative items and as a source of mother of pearl for jewelry, buttons, buckles, and inlay.
Farming of abalone began in the late s and early s in Japan and China. The principal abalone farming regions are China, Taiwan,  Japan, and Korea.
After trials in ,  a commercial "sea ranch" was set up in Flinders Bay , Western Australia to raise abalone. The reef is seeded with young abalone from an onshore hatchery.
The abalone feed on seaweed that has grown naturally on the habitats; with the ecosystem enrichment of the bay also resulting in growing numbers of dhufish, pink snapper, wrasse, Samson fish among other species.
Brad Adams, from the company, has emphasised the similarity to wild abalone and the difference from shore-based aquaculture.
Abalones have long been a valuable food source for humans in every area of the world where a species is abundant. In the Greater China region and among Overseas Chinese communities, abalone is commonly known as bao yu , and sometimes forms part of a Chinese banquet.
However, the availability of commercially farmed abalone has allowed more common consumption of this once rare delicacy. Abalone started to become popular after the Panama—Pacific International Exposition in As abalone became more popular and less common, the prices adjusted accordingly.
This forced the Chinese out of the market and the Japanese perfected diving, with or without gear, to enter the market.
By the time of the exposition, Americans were starting to discover abalone. The popularity of abalone, along with many other fish and shellfish, increased as the exposition exhibited varieties of fish with cooking demonstrations, and a seat dining hall.
In Japan, live and raw abalones are used in awabi sushi, or served steamed, salted, boiled, chopped, or simmered in soy sauce.
Tottsuru is mainly enjoyed with sake. With a recreational abalone licence, the bag limit is 10 per day, with a total possession limit of Scuba diving for abalone is allowed, and has a rich history in Australia.
Scuba diving for abalone in the states of New South Wales and Western Australia is illegal; a free-diving catch limit of two is allowed.
Victoria has had an active abalone fishery since the late s. The state is sectioned into three fishing zones, Eastern, Central and Western, with each fisher required a zone-allocated licence.
Harvesting is performed by divers using surface-supplied air "hookah" systems operating from runabout-style, outboard-powered boats.
While the diver seeks out colonies of abalone amongst the reef beds, the deckhand operates the boat, known as working "live" and stays above where the diver is working.
Bags of abalone pried from the rocks are brought to the surface by the diver or by way of "shot line", where the deckhand drops a weighted rope for the catch bag to be connected then retrieved.
Divers measure each abalone before removing from the reef and the deckhand remeasures each abalone and removes excess weed growth from the shell.
Sport harvesting of red abalone is permitted with a California fishing license and an abalone stamp card. In , the abalone card also came with a set of 24 tags.
This was reduced to 18 abalone per year in , and as of the limit has been reduced to 12, only nine of which may be taken south of Mendocino County.
Legal-size abalone must be tagged immediately. A person may be in possession of only three abalone at any given time. As of , Abalone season is May to October, excluding July.
Transportation of abalone may only legally occur while the abalone is still attached in the shell. Sale of sport-obtained abalone is illegal, including the shell.
Only red abalone may be taken, as black , white , pink , flat , green , and pinto abalone are protected by law. That year, they extended the moratorium to last through April, An abalone diver is normally equipped with a thick wetsuit , including a hood, bootees , and gloves, and usually also a mask, snorkel , weight belt , abalone iron, and abalone gauge.
Alternatively, the rock picker can feel underneath rocks at low tides for abalone. Abalone are normally found on rocks near food sources such as kelp.
An abalone iron is used to pry the abalone from the rock before it has time to fully clamp down. Divers dive from boats, kayaks, tube floats, or directly off the shore.
The largest abalone recorded in California is The mollusc Concholepas concholepas is often sold in the United States under the name "Chilean abalone", though it is not an abalone, but a muricid.
Haliotis iris or blackfoot paua is the ubiquitous New Zealand paua , the highly polished nacre of which is extremely popular as souvenirs with its striking blue, green, and purple iridescence.
Haliotis australis and Haliotis virginea are also found in New Zealand waters, but are less popular than H.
Like all New Zealand shellfish, recreational harvesting of paua does not require a permit provided catch limits, size restrictions, and seasonal and local restrictions set by the Ministry for Primary Industries MPI are followed.
In addition, no person may be in possession, even on land, of more than 20 paua or more than 2. Paua can only be caught by free-diving; it is illegal to catch them using scuba gear.
An extensive global black market exists in collecting and exporting abalone meat. When such permits to harvest are abused, it is frequently difficult to police.
The limit is strictly enforced by roving Ministry for Primary Industries fishery officers with the backing of the New Zealand Police.
Poaching is a major industry in New Zealand with many thousands being taken illegally, often undersized. Convictions have resulted in seizure of diving gear, boats, and motor vehicles and fines and in rare cases, imprisonment.
The largest abalone in South Africa, Haliotis midae , occurs along roughly two-thirds of the country's coastline. Abalone-diving has been a recreational activity for many years, but stocks are currently being threatened by illegal commercial harvesting.
For the last few years, however, no permits have been issued for collecting abalone, but commercial harvesting still continues as does illegal collection by syndicates.
Export permits are still required, however. The abalone meat from South Africa is prohibited for sale in the country to help reduce poaching; however, much of the illegally harvested meat is sold in Asian countries.
Ormers Haliotis tuberculata are considered a delicacy in the British Channel Islands as well as in adjacent areas of France , and are pursued with great alacrity by the locals.
This, and a recent lethal bacterial disease,  has led to a dramatic depletion in numbers since the latter half of the 19th century, and "ormering" is now strictly regulated in order to preserve stocks.
The gathering of ormers is now restricted to a number of 'ormering tides', from January 1 to April 30, which occur on the full or new moon and two days following.
No ormers may be taken from the beach that are under 80 millimetres 3. Gatherers are not allowed to wear wetsuits or even put their heads underwater.
Kempthorne-Leigh of Guernsey was arrested by a police officer in full diving gear when illegally diving for ormers. The highly iridescent inner nacre layer of the shell of abalone has traditionally been used as a decorative item, in jewelry ,  buttons, and as inlay in furniture and in musical instruments such as on fret boards and binding of guitars, etc.
Abalone pearl jewelry is very popular in New Zealand and Australia, in no minor part due to the marketing and farming efforts of pearl companies.
Unlike the Oriental Natural, the Akoya pearl, and the South Sea and Tahitian cultured pearls, abalone pearls are not primarily judged by their roundness.
The inner shell of the abalone is an iridescent swirl of intense colours, ranging from deep cobalt blue and peacock green to purples, creams and pinks.
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English Nature didn't need to because, unlike the abalone shell, the survival of a species didn't depend on building those materials, until maybe now when it might just matter.
Collocations "abalone shell" in German. Synonyms Synonyms English for "abalone":. English ear-shell. More by bab. Living abroad Tips and Hacks for Living Abroad Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country.
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